Hook up culture study

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  2. Hookup culture
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This paper seeks to contribute to pragmatist conceptions of sexual media , selfie studies and digital pornography by situating the communication that takes place via these media, not as mere representations of the sexual self or of 'actual' sexual practices, but forms of practical action that propel some version of the self into one or more of the variously networked and formatted arena of digital culture. Once the grammar of digital sex is grasped in pragmatic terms as a performative element in specifically assembled, multi-dimensional platforms, then all sorts of material objects and technical processes can be understood to enter into the labour of sexual self-formation see Race, What once might have been read as a two-dimensional form of visual representation elevated to the status of detached self-portraiture can now be grasped as a vehicle for self-articulation, an experiment that seeks to participate in the creation of new attachments, and a potential source of practical self transformation.

Breaking up and hooking up: A young woman's experience of ''sexual empowerment''. With the rise of neoliberalism, postfeminism and ''hookup culture,'' young women face both challenges and opportunities when constructing themselves as sexual subjects. This paper explores the experiences of a young woman who sought to This paper explores the experiences of a young woman who sought to have sex with someone new in order to move on from the breakup of a long-term relationship.

Highlights

While this young woman described her experience of having sex with someone new as ''empowering,'' within a neoliberal, postfeminist context the concept of empowerment may not be a useful theoretical tool for understanding young women's sexuality. Situating her story within its broader sociocultural context, this paper explores how structural factors shape this young woman's ability to navigate normative discourses about sexual empowerment and construct herself as a sexual subject.

Mobilizing the Biopolitical Category: Problems, devices and designs in the construction of the gay sexual marketplace. Drawing on a rare interview with the founder of BarebackRT. BBRT is an especially interesting example because it demonstrates how clinical indicators, among other personal and technical specifications, can emerge as criteria for discriminating between prospective partners, populating personal profiles and qualifying the self in the pursuit of sexual encounters. In this respect, BBRT stands as a fascinating example of how innovations in digital culture can eventuate from convergences between digital and clinical media and how such convergences effect differences in the pragmatic qualification of social networking applications.

But it also stages the categories according to which members are required to present themselves online as provisional, historically situated, and available to experimentation and critical transformation. Sociology of Religion 78 3. Rape Myths and Hookup Culture: An Exploratory Study of U. The present study provides the first known systematic examination of the association of hookup culture endorsement and rape myth acceptance. Multivariate regression analysis was conducted to test the primary hypothesis that hookup culture Multivariate regression analysis was conducted to test the primary hypothesis that hookup culture endorsement would be the primary predictor of rape myth acceptance levels among a sample of U.

Findings indicated the existence of a complex relationship in which rape myth acceptance increases or decreases based upon the form of hookup culture endorsement examined. Beliefs that hookups are harmless and elevate social status increased rape myth acceptance, whereas beliefs that hookups express sexual freedom decreased rape myth acceptance.

Furthermore, results supported the hypothesis that hookup culture endorsement was the largest predictor of rape myth acceptance. Consistent with previous studies, the predic-tive power of gender and religiosity in determining levels of rape myth acceptance were shown to be significant.

When controlling for levels of hookup culture endorsement, the explanatory power of these variables decreased, and hookup culture endorsement had the largest effect upon rape myth acceptance levels. Swipe Me Off My Feet: Explicating Relationship Initiation on Tinder. Tinder, a mobile dating application app , facilitates the initiation of new, potentially romantic relationships and promotes itself as a social discovery platform dominating the U.

This exploratory study investigates how people engage in relationship initiation behaviors through Tinder and highlights how interpersonal relationship initiation, selection processes, and strategic pre-interaction behaviors are evolving through contemporary-mediated dating culture. The study employed descriptive statistics and thematic analysis to analyze reasons for selecting and deleting Tinder, pre-interaction processes, swiping strategies, and Tinder hookup culture. The prevalent view that Tinder is a sex, or hookup app, remains salient among users; although, many users utilize Tinder for creating other interpersonal communication connections and relationships, both romantic and platonic.

Initially, Tinder users gather information to identify their preferences. Their strategies show clear implications for explicating the relationship development model and associated information pursuing strategies. Overall, this study argues that new emergent technologies are changing how interpersonal relationship initiation functions; the traditional face-to-face relationship development models and initiation conceptualizations should be modified to include the introduction of the pre-interaction processes apparent in mobile dating applications such as Tinder.

Recent attempts to make chemsex public are so committed to normative intimacy that the many pleasures and possibilities associated with gay sex and drug use are only ever allowed to emerge as dangerous. This entertains their publics by In rendering what must, for many recipients, be unfamiliar and strange legible in familiar terms, this discourse confirms the law-abiding morality of the modular citizen.

But for those whose sexual or consumption practices occasionally or more frequently deviate from juridical norms, this discourse only serves to amplify the dangers of illicit sex and drugs by dismissing the very possibility of agency in this cluster of practices. This produces chemsex as a fixed, intractable problem, in a dangerous and frightening pedagogy of exemplary negativity, which demonstrates not only that normative morality needs its monsters, but how public morality is determined to make monsters out of sexually-active gay drug users.

Reproducing Patriarchal Gender Roles on Badoo. In recent years, a number of online platforms for meeting new sexual partners have been popularized. The study includes 14 participants aged years identified as female 5 and male 9 , who claimed to be heterosexual 10 , lesbian 1 , bisexual 1 , and bi-curious 1. Among heterosexual participants, traditional courtship conventions led their interaction in the platform, since both male and female participants claimed that men were supposed to approach women.

Although most participants agreed that Badoo was mainly targeted as a platform to look for sex, both male and female participants believed that women who participated in the site were looking for a relationship, while men were only looking for sex. These opposite expectations led to most participants' dissatisfaction with their Badoo interaction.

The Culture of Consent on Campus. According to Kathleen Bogle, the phrase 'hooking up' is "a slang term" deemed unofficial and unpredictable due to the extended variation of its meaning. The definition of hooking up can vary depending on the person or on the age group. It can range from acts that involve kissing, oral sex, or intercourse.

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Hookup culture

A hook up is an act that involves sexual intimacy, claimed by many to be a sexually liberating act. On the other hand, hook up culture is thought to be oppressive and monolithic, with intimacy only occurring within a specific context. Currier, she explores how the phrase "hooking up" conveys different meanings depending on whether a man or woman uses it when describing their sexual encounters; furthermore, Currier notes that men use "hooking up" to emphasize their masculinity and heterosexuality whereas women use the phrase to preserve their femininity by being strategically ambiguous in order to downplay their sexual desires.

Boys are more likely than girls to have several hookup partners at the same time, and are also more likely to hook up with someone they are not dating. About half of all hookups among adolescents were a one time affair, and this is the same for both boys and girls. Studies have shown that most high school girls are more interested in a relationship compared to high school boys, who are mostly interested in sex.

Understanding Hookup Culture - Preview - Available on DVD

Young women tend to be honest about their sexual encounters and experiences, while young men tend to lie more often about theirs. During this study, it was shown that girls in high school do not care as much as boys do on having sex in a relationship.

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But, on the contrary girls will have sex with their partner in order to match them. For some adolescents, sex and relationships have been decoupled. Some worry that if society disconnects intimate sexual behavior and emotional connection, teens who hook up will have trouble forming stable intimate relationships later in life. Journalist Sabrina Weill asserts that "casual teen attitudes toward sex—particularly oral sex—reflect their confusion about what is normal behavior," and adds that they "are facing an intimacy crisis that could haunt them in future relationships.

Historical research documents that white male college students have a long history of engaging in hookup sex. However, most students overestimate the amount of hookups in which their peers engage. One study has found that the strongest predictor of hookup behavior was previous experience hooking up. Subculture can affect gender roles and sexuality, and youth subcultures are particularly susceptible to peer pressure.

Most predictors among males and females rarely differ. One third of gay and bisexual college men have met an anonymous sexual partner in a public place such as a park, bookstore, or restroom.


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The trend toward marrying later may be what is fueling the hookup scene on college campuses. Another study was based on a survey of over 18, college students from ages 18— This survey asked questions like how many sexual partners they have had since graduating high school, how many sexual partners per year, and how many times per week they have sex. Many female college students explained how the "frat boy" perfectly embodies the persona of a sex driven male. Hooking up generally refers to having sex; however, many others indicated that when they say hooking up they are referring to something less than intercourse.

Kimmel believes that while sexual promiscuity once existed on college campuses alongside more traditional forms of dating, hooking up is now "the alpha and omega of young adult romance. Freitas has opined that a "hookup is a sexual act that thwarts meaning, purpose, and relationship. More than half of college relationships begin with a hookup, Bogle's research has found. Oftentimes, men and women seem to not be on the "same page. For instance, when a male student was asked if he felt that women looked for different components in a hookup; his response was that most females generally did not lean towards a "one and done" thing.

Sociologist Wade [16] discusses several scholars who disagree that contemporary college students desire long-term monogamous relationships. She cites Elizabeth Armstrong and Laura Hamilton, [55] Hanna Rosin, [56] and Kate Taylor [47] who posit that hookup culture is good for women as it frees them to focus on their studies and on their professional develop for careers instead of seeking a long term partner or marriage.

Hookup culture - Wikipedia

Freitas believes the lessons imparted by hookup culture have "set back" students who often have little experience dating, and few skills in asking a romantic partner out as a result. Some studies have found that students, both men and women, overwhelmingly regret their hookups.

Other studies found that many college students do not regret their hookup experiences. Wade [16] interviewed many women and men who were enthusiastic about their hookup experiences. Vrangalova and Ong's study documented that students who had a stable personality orientation towards casual sex reported a heightened sense of well being after experiencing casual sex. Some research shows that hook up regret is gendered, with women tending to regret hooking up much more than men do.

Regret from hooking up may be linked to negative emotional outcomes, especially in women. According to an article by Steven E. Rhoads, Laura Webber, et al. The American Psychological Association also says that hookups can result in guilt and negative feelings. Students who reported to Freitas that they were profoundly upset about hooking up say the encounters made them feel, among other things, used, miserable, disgusted, and duped.

College students base their sexual ideas and sexual actions within a peer culture. This is where students who are peers are comparing and differing sexual situations in one's own life amongst each other to create a foundation for the current hookup culture. Bogle describes the peer culture at universities as the "sexual arena. This peer culture is not only amongst college students, but it may start to develop around the time puberty starts in middle school for both genders around the age of eleven to fourteen years old.

In general, puberty is a time when sexuality and body awareness becomes a main focus for individuals to formulate this aspect of their identity. Once in college, for most students, the parental aspect is diminished leaving a student feeling a high degree of freedom to truly explore and expand their whole personal identity, strongly including sexual identity in this "sexual arena. According to Bogle, the campuses her studies were done at had a common trend of college students being strongly interested in every other student's private life. The viewers of this activity process, interpret, and form assumptions about what was observed.

These types of sexual activity or public displays of affection could be as meaningless as two individuals romantically speaking to each other in a high capacity location on campus or could be as extreme as two individuals walking into a bedroom together at a party.

This peer culture has evolved and escalated with access to rapid communication such as texting on cell phones and multiple social media applications. Most these social media applications are identity profiles, public thought disposals, and virtual photo albums of oneself, where other's are just a click away from cyber analysis of how that individual displays themselves physically, sexually, psychologically, emotionally, and mentally on the internet. Bogle states that the knowing of other's personal lives isn't just a purpose to gossip, but a way to observe, analyze, and be impacted by other's sexual actions, solely for the purpose of their own actions.

Some studies have made a connection between hookup culture and substance use. About a third of the students who reported engaging in vaginal, anal, or oral sex during a hookup reported being very intoxicated and another third reported being mildly intoxicated. Studies suggest that the degree of alcoholic intoxication directly correlates with the level of risky behavior.

Studies have generally shown that greater alcohol use is associated with more sexual activity in the course of a hookup. At the other end of the spectrum, the greatest alcohol consumption was associated with penetrative sex, and less alcohol consumption with non-penatrative hookups. Hookup culture on college campuses is intertwined with a broader society. On the other hand, some sociologists have argued that hookup culture is a characteristic of the American college environment and does not reflect broader American youth culture, just as many college graduates stop engaging in hookups when they leave college preferring instead dating or other sexual arrangements.